Mucilage secretion by aerial roots in sorghum (Sorghum bicolor): sugar profile, genetic diversity, GWAS and transcriptomic analysis

作  者:Xu S, Li XQ, Guo H, Wu XY, Wang N, Liu ZQ, Hao HQ*, Jing HC
刊物名称:Plant Molecular Biology
卷:  期:  页码:DOI: 10.1007/s11103-023-01365-1


Aerial root mucilage can enhance nitrogen fixation by providing sugar and low oxygen environment to the rhizosphere microbiome in Sierra Mixe maize. Aerial root mucilage has long been documented in sorghum (Sorghum bicolor), but little is known about the biological significance, genotypic variation, and genetic regulation of this biological process. In the present study, we found that a large variation of mucilage secretion capacity existed in a sorghum panel consisting of 146 accessions. Mucilage secretion occurred primarily in young aerial roots under adequately humid conditions but decreased or stopped in mature long aerial roots or under dry conditions. The main components of the mucilage-soluble were glucose and fructose, as revealed by sugar profiling of cultivated and wild sorghum. The mucilage secretion capacity of landrace grain sorghum was significantly higher than that of wild sorghum. Transcriptome analysis revealed that 1844 genes were upregulated and 2617 genes were downregulated in mucilage secreting roots. Amongst these 4461 differentially expressed genes, 82 genes belonged to glycosyltransferases and glucuronidation pathways. Sobic.010G120200, encoding a UDP-glycosyltransferase, was identified by both GWAS and transcriptome analysis as a candidate gene, which may be involved in the regulation of mucilage secretion in sorghum through a negative regulatory mechanism.