Parallel selection of loss-of-function alleles of Pdh1 orthologous genes in warm-season legumes for pod indehiscence and plasticity is related to precipitation

作  者:Yong B, Zhu WW, Wei SM, Li BB, Wang Y, Xu N, Lu JJ, Chen QS, He CY*
刊物名称:New Phytologist
卷:  期:  页码:DOI:10.1111/nph.19150


Pod dehiscence facilitates seed dispersal in wild legumes but results in yield loss in cultivated legumes. The evolutionary genetics of the legume pod dehiscence trait remain largely elusive.

We characterized the pod dehiscence of chromosome segment substitution lines of Glycine max crossed with Glycine soja and found that the gene underlying the predominant quantitative trait locus (QTL) of soybean pod-shattering trait was Pod dehiscence 1 (Pdh1). A few rare loss-of-function (LoF) Pdh1 alleles were identified in G. soja, while only an allele featuring a premature stop codon was selected for pod indehiscence in cultivated soybean and spread to low-precipitation regions with increased frequency. Moreover, correlated interactions among Pdh1's haplotype, gene expression, and environmental changes for the developmental plasticity of the pod dehiscence trait were revealed in G. max.

We found that orthologous Pdh1 genes specifically originated in warm-season legumes and their LoF alleles were then parallel-selected during the domestication of legume crops.

Our results provide insights into the convergent evolution of pod dehiscence in warm-season legumes, facilitate an understanding of the intricate interactions between genetic robustness and environmental adaptation for developmental plasticity, and guide the breeding of new legume varieties with pod indehiscence.