A phytoexclusion strategy for reducing contamination risk of rice based on low-Cd natural variations pyramid of root transporters

作  者:Yan HL, Liu RX, Peng ZM, Zhang HZF, Hao SN, Guo HY, Wang BH, Wang WP, Yu YJ, Zhang HL, Qian TH, Xu WX, Ma M, He ZY*
刊物名称:Journal of Hazardous Materials
卷:458  期:  页码:131865


Cadmium pollution in rice is a threat to human health. Phytoexclusion is an effective strategy to reduce the Cd accumulation. Soil-to-root is the first step of Cd entering rice and plays a crucial role in Cd accumulation, so targeting root transporters could be an effective approach for phytoexclusion. This study utilized single-gene & multi-gene joint haplotype analysis to reveal the law of natural variations. The result showed that natural variations of rice root transporters assembled regularly following a certain pattern, rather than randomly. A total of 3 dominant nature variation combinations with 2 high-Cd combinations and 1 low-Cd combination were identified. In addition, indica-japonica differentiation was observed, with indica germplasms harboring high-Cd combinations while japonica germplasms harboring. In Chinese rice landraces, most of the collected indica landraces contained high-Cd combinations, indicating a high Cd contamination risk in indica landraces in terms of both phenotype and genotype. To address this issue, multiple superior low-Cd natural variations were pyramided to create two new low-Cd germplasms. In both pond and farmland trials, the ameliorated rice grain Cd did not exceed safety standards. This research provided a framework for future phytoexclusion, thus to reduce Cd-contamination risk in soil-rice system.