COG3 confers the chilling tolerance to mediate OsFtsH2-D1 module in rice

作  者:Liu DF, Luo ST, Li ZT, Liang GH, Guo YL, Xu YY, Chong K*
刊物名称:New Phytologist
卷:  期:  页码:DOI: 10.1111/nph.19514


The chilling stress induced by the global climate change harms rice production, especially at seedling and booting stage, which feed half the population of the world. Although there are key quantitative trait locus genes identified in the individual stage, few genes have been reported and functioned at both stages.

Utilizing chromosome segment substitution lines (CSSLs) and a combination of map-based cloning and phenotypes of the mutants and overexpression lines, we identified the major gene Chilling-tolerance in Geng/japonica rice 3 (COG3) of q chilling-tolerance at the booting and seedling stage 11 (qCTBS11) conferred chilling tolerance at both seedling and booting stages.

COG3 was significantly upregulated in Nipponbare under chilling treatment compared with its expression in 93-11. The loss-of-function mutants cog3 showed a reduced chilling tolerance. On the contrary, overexpression enhanced chilling tolerance. Genome evolution and genetic analysis suggested that COG3 may have undergone strong selection in temperate japonica during domestication. COG3, a putative calmodulin-binding protein, physically interacted with OsFtsH2 at chloroplast. In cog3-1, OsFtsH2-mediated D1 degradation was impaired under chilling treatment compared with wild-type.

Our results suggest that COG3 is necessary for maintaining OsFtsH2 protease activity to regulate chilling tolerance at the booting and seedling stage.