Improving Sedum plumbizincicola genetic transformation with the SpGRF4-SpGIF1 gene and the self-excision CRE/LoxP system

作  者:Zhang YX, Mo YL, Ren HX, Wu XT, Han LY, Sun ZY, Xu WZ*
卷:259  期:5  页码:119


Sedum plumbizincicola, despite being an excellent hyperaccumulator of cadmium and zinc with significant potential for soil pollution phytoremediation on farmland, has nonetheless trailed behind other major model plants in genetic transformation technology. In this study, different explants and SpGRF4SpGIF1 genes were used to optimize the genetic transformation of S. plumbizincicola. We found that petiole and stem segments had higher genetic transformation efficiency than cluster buds. Overexpression of SpGRF4SpGIF1 could significantly improve the genetic transformation efficiency and shorten the period of obtaining regenerated buds. However, molecular assistance with overexpression of SpGRF4–SpGIF1 leads to abnormal morphology, resulting in plant tissue enlargement and abnormal growth. Therefore, we combined SpGRF4–SpGIF1 with XVE and Cre/loxP to obtain DNA autocleavage transgenic plants induced by estradiol, thereby ensuring normal growth in transgenic plants. This study optimized the S. plumbizincicola genetic transformation system, improved the efficiency of genetic transformation, and established a self-excision molecular-assisted transformation system. This work also established the basis for studying S. plumbizincicola gene function, and for S. plumbizincicola breeding and germplasm innovation.